Dec 19, 2018 | Featured in: Watching Backyard Birds, December 2018

Top 10 Things to Do in Winter

This winter, be on the lookout for unusual visitors. Will this be the winter that the northern finches invade southward?

Just because the days are shorter and the warblers and hummingbirds are gone from our midst (for most of us, that is) doesn't mean we should put our binoculars, field guides, and bird-watching plans in storage for the winter. There are many winter activities we can enjoy as backyard bird watchers. Here are a few suggestions:

1. Feeder check. I know it's obvious, and the birds don't really need our feeders to survive, but let this serve as a gentle reminder to check on your seed stock and on the status of your feeders. While inspecting my feeders the other day, I noticed that our large hopper was nearly falling apart. Its replacement looks a lot better and holds more seed—an all-around upgrade.

2. Switch to high-protein foods. Suet and peanuts are great high-energy foods for winter bird feeding. Today, more than ever before, there is a plethora of great peanut and suet feeders available to discerning consumers. Visit any store selling wild-bird products and ask about these feeders and foods. If there is no wild-bird specialty store or large hardware store in your area, head for the grocery store. Purchase generic unsalted peanuts (shells removed) and offer them on a platform feeder or in a tube or hopper feeder. At the meat counter, look for packages of suet (sometimes labeled as beef kidney fat). Suet can be offered as is, placed in a mesh onion bag, or it can be rendered (melted) and then rehardened in your freezer. Some feeder operators who render their own suet also add raisins, oats, corn meal, peanut bits, or peanut butter to the mix while it is in liquid form. Poured into small cups or ice trays, it will harden into handy sizes for feeding.

3. Watch for unusual visitors. Bad weather can really smoke out the unusual birds. In another month or two, heavy snows here in Ohio will bring lots of our usual feeder visitors to our yard, plus blackbirds and the occasional oddity such as a swamp sparrow or a Savannah sparrow. Will this be the winter that the northern finches invade southward? That's the forecast for this winter, and I hope it's accurate! It's been a while since I've seen a common redpoll or an evening grosbeak in our yard.

4. Make bird shelters. Our windy ridgetop yard catches every gust of cold winter weather. We try to make our birds a bit more comfortable by building brush piles and lean-to windbreaks on the windward side of our feeders. These structures, which take only a few minutes to build, block the full effect of the wind, giving the birds a sheltered spot for feeding and resting. Creating these sheltered spots gives me as much satisfaction—almost—as feeding the birds.

5. Check your nest boxes for roosters. No, not that kind of rooster! But if you have sturdy nest boxes on your property, you may already be providing a sheltered spot for your birds. Check inside your nest boxes for evidence that birds are using them as nighttime roosts. Our bluebird boxes host as many birds in winter as they do in summer. Nuthatches, titmice, chickadees, woodpeckers, wrens, owls, starlings, house sparrows, and bluebirds are just a few of the species that will roost in nest boxes outside the normal breeding season.

6. Follow a feeding flock. While you're out filling the feeders or out for a walk in the woods, watch and listen for signs of a feeding flock. Winter feeding flocks comprise birds of different species that are loosely knit together in a quest for food, while being vigilant for predators. A typical winter feeding flock here in Ohio might consist of chickadees, titmice, nuthatches, kinglets, woodpeckers, creepers, and perhaps a yellow-rumped warbler, an eastern bluebird, and a hermit thrush. The flock will make little chips and seets and other noises while flitting through the trees looking for food. If an alarm note sounds, watch for the flock to stop moving or make a dash for thicker cover.

7. Look at tracks. A favorite winter activity of mine is trying to determine what a bird has done by looking at the impressions it has left in the snow. It's amazing how much of your yard is visited by birds in the course of a day. The bird tracks left behind in the snow can be a great indication of what birds were there and what they were doing. I especially enjoy looking at crow tracks to try to discern what these super smart birds were doing and thinking. Sometimes I'll find a spot where an owl's wing and leg prints tell me of a plunge after an unseen mouse, or a set of turkey tracks headed for my neighbor's cornfield. As an added activity, try to decipher mammal tracks you also encounter.

8. Listen for owls. January and February are prime courtship and nesting time for many owl species. This means that the owls may be calling in the middle of the night, communicating with potential mates and rivals. Take a moment to step outside and give a listen. Here's a tip: Cup a hand behind each ear. This focuses the sound, creating a kind of parabolic gathering of sound. If you hear an unfamiliar sound in the night, consult one of the many excellent audio guides to bird sounds to solve your mystery. While listening for owls in the winter of 1998, we discovered that coyotes had moved into our area. Hearing those coyotes yip and howl was thrilling and eerie at the same time.

9. Watch for signs of spring. Not joking! While your eyes and ears are tuned in to nature, listen and watch for subtle changes. Daylight hours will reach a nadir on December 21, but then, start to increase. Many resident bird species will begin singing on warm, sunny January days, even though the breeding season is weeks or months away. The lengthening days and increasing intensity of sunlight act to stimulate the birds' hormones. Evidence of this is seen in the increased attention that males will pay to females (singing, chasing, defending) and in the increase in general activity among your birds. Long before any nest building takes place, mourning doves will begin their cooing, male bluebirds begin chortling and waving their wings from prominent perches, and male goldfinches will get just a little bit brighter plumage. Well, in our imaginations, maybe.

10. Keep a journal. When did the first junco show up at your feeder last fall? When did the last hummingbird depart? What date do the fox sparrows pass through in spring? Did that sapsucker show up in November 2016 or 2017? These are questions that can be answered with a quick reference to your journal. As we've mentioned before in these pages, keeping some sort of written record of your sightings can be fun, useful, and fascinating. We keep our journal in a spiral-bound volume reserved for that purpose. We also keep bird sightings notes in a computer file at home, so we know exactly when the phoebe started building its nest under our deck in recent years. Things to note in a journal include date, time, weather conditions, sightings, plus bird behavior. Be sure to note arrival and departure dates, and interesting tidbits you wish to remember. Try it, you'll like it!

About Bill Thompson, III

Bill Thompson, III, was the team captain for Watching Backyard Birds from its inception 23 years ago through his death on March 25, 2019. So much of what he wrote is timeless and remains informative, helpful, and inspiring.

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The Latest Comments

  • I am excited to have my daughter’s tree this year, since my landlord has removed the lovely yew next to my patio, which was the only shelter for birds at my feeder.
    by pmalcpoet, Mon, 20 Dec 2021
  • Goldfinches will continue as long as Swiss chard is available. I'm watching one eating chard right now (mid-November in Vermont).
    by Brian Tremback, Sun, 14 Nov 2021
  • Birds are on the decline though sunflowers are rarely touched and for weeks hardly .eaten. I'll try a few sparing nuts on the table and a fat ball broken for jackdaws and tits but mealworms were a summer favourite being my go to choice
    by Paul Harabaras, Thu, 04 Nov 2021
  • I’ve been enjoying goldfinches eating coneflower/ echinacea seeds in my new pollinator garden! I will leave the plants out all winter for them if the seeds keep that long? Or should I deadhead and put them in a dry area? Im in CT and thought they migrated, but didn’t know they put in winter coats! What do they eat in winter without bird feeders?
    by Anne Sheffield, Sat, 04 Sep 2021
  • Hi Gary, I will pass your question along to Birdsquatch next time I see him. He knows infinitely more about nocturnal wildlife than I do. Where do you live? That's pretty important in figuring out the answer. But the thief could be raccoons, deer, or flying squirrels. Do you live in the woods? Are there trees near your feeder, or must the culprit climb a shepherd's hook or pole? Dawn Hewitt, Watching Backyard Birds
    by Dawn Hewitt, Mon, 30 Aug 2021