Oct 13, 2015 | Featured in: Watching Backyard Birds, October 2015

Helping My Pileated Woodpeckers: How to Add a Tail Prop to a Suet Cage

A pileated woodpecker visits a backyard suet feeder.

This story by Bob Heltman appears in the October 2015 issue of Watching Backyard Birds. See our digital edition for photos of the tail prop he devised. Want to read more articles like this? Subscribe today »

My wife and I get much joy from our two bird feeders, especially when housebound due to wintry weather. We live in the foothills of North Carolina and enjoy up to 30 varieties of birds. Most of the time there are many goldfinches, which alternate from drab in winter to bright yellow in summer. These finches cluster and flock around the seed feeder; I call such occasions a "finch flutter." We go through lots of black-oil sunflower seeds and shelled peanuts.

Other winter feeding birds often seen here are tufted titmice, cardinals, Carolina wrens, chickadees, nuthatches, and, in winter, dark-eyed juncos. A murder of crows dashes about in the background, and sometimes a hawk invades.

Of course, with suet in one feeder, woodpeckers come. We see downy, hairy, red-headed, and pileated woodpeckers. Two feeders hang out from the deck railing, giving us an extra-close view. We noted that the pileated woodpeckers would fold themselves into a "C" shape when landing and feeding on the suet cake in its metal mesh cage. It looked awkward and uncomfortable, and I fell to wondering if a board attached to the suet holder would give a more comfortable perch for these big birds. Woodpeckers have stiff tail feathers that they use for support while they're banging their heads into wood. Those feathers essentially give them the stability of a three-legged stool.

I used a one-inch-thick rough cut oak board from my scrap pile, and fastened the suet cage to it with a bunch (14) of ½-inch cap screws, which I had on hand. I put five screws on both sides to prevent lateral motion, and four screws in the center to prevent vertical sliding of the cage. A carabiner holds the unit together and provides a mechanism for hanging the feeder on a shepherd's hook.

This system worked well, but after several days I noticed that woodpeckers both large and small would perch on the sides of the wooden board, using their stiff tail feathers to steady their suet pecking. Why did they perch against the narrow side, rather than the wide, flat front?

I began to think that maybe some saw cuts across the face of the wood below the cage would provide better gripping for their claws. I took down the feeder, mounted it crosswise in my chop saw, and cut a series of nine somewhat evenly spaced grooves into the wood's wide surface.

I rehung the feeder, and finally a pileated woodpecker landed on the flat surface, holding onto the "ladder" grooves I cut—just what I intended! Then it climbed up onto the metal suet holder and clung from it, tail propped against the wide board below. Fine. It looked much more comfortable, just what I wanted for it. After a moment, darn if that woodpecker didn't hop to the side of feeder and continue strenuous pecking.

I give up. Do woodpeckers prefer to perch and peck from narrow surfaces, or are they using successful past experiences with this feeder in this yard to dine?

I'll continue to ponder this situation this winter. Even when using the narrow side of the feeder, it looks like it is in a more comfortable dining position. At least these large birds won't suffer from spinal strain and perhaps an early onset of bird osteoporosis.

What do you think? Tell us!

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  • I have experienced this when a house wren punctured 5 blue bird eggs last spring in our blue bird box. Then I hung out a wren box by the trees and he got busy filling it and left the bluebirds alone and they successfully raised another brood!
    by Susan, Sun, 07 Apr 2019
  • I also have several turkeys that live in the woods behind me. They visit early morning and near sundown. Living in the country with a mountain and brook behind my house, I have animals visiting 24hrs a day. My turkeys are awesome. They know me and wait for their breakfast. They hop up on my patio wall to look in my windows. I also noticed the 2 birds that are the lookouts. They come over to eat as the others march across my lawn to my neighbor who also feeds the animals. We also have coyotes that, I am sure, have eaten turkey dinner. The squirrels run around and chase them to protect their seeds and cracked corn. I feed my 3 raccoons peanut butter jelly sandwiches, which they share with a possum and 3 skunks, at the same time, by the way. No food goes into my garbage. Meat scraps go to crows and hawks. Everything else, even soup, gets eaten before the sun is completely set. That keeps bears away if no dishes are there to entice. I break up bread in tiny pieces now and turkeys 'gobble' it up. So happy to find another person that enjoys wildlife. Nothing is more satisfying than walking out side and spotting Daisy the skunk, calling her name and watching her tripping all over herself, running to meet you. Thank you for your valuable information.
    by Stella Kachur, Wed, 27 Mar 2019
  • This is exactly my experience. The local feed store had some on sale so I thought I'd try some. Actually I was shocked at how it is avoided, and I've been feeding birds for more than 40 years. I suppose I've never had it out as the ONLY food source, but when I put it out along with the blackoil, peanuts, cracked corn and suet cakes, absolutely nothing would touch it. Even when I dumped some on the ground the rabbits wouldn't eat it, nor would the squirrels. Eventually some turkeys and deer ate some--when they could find nothing else underneath the other feeders. But even they left plenty on the ground which they NEVER do with cracked corn, sunflower, etc.Every person should try some if they're inclined and decide for themselves since every situation may be a bit different, but for me/my species, safflower is a big no.
    by Colin Croft, Sun, 03 Mar 2019
  • I have questions about the Zick Dough? It says not to use in cold weather. It is still in the 40s here. Too soon? How long should I expect a supply to last? And, use a tray feeder? Thanks.
    by martindf, Sun, 25 Nov 2018
  • Glad I found this. I'm a snowbird and was worried about all the birds that come to feed at my birdfeeder. I have Cardinals, sparrows, doves, Blue Jays, chickadees. I hope they'll find food elsewhere while I'm gone.
    by Donna, Sat, 03 Nov 2018